CCNA [Cisco Certified Network Associate] is a course which provides an immense bright scope for the Networking Aspirants. An Entry Level Networking Engineer, Network Administrator, Network Support, Technician or Help Desk Technician, this certification provides an edge for the personnel to become an expertise, an expertise to a professional, a professional to an architect in the networking domain.

“Training is the foundation for a forthcoming professional; Stronger the foundation, advance the certification, Weaker the foundation, thus! Numerous obstacles…”

Therefore, CCNA certified Network aspirants possess the apt abilities to plan, configure, verify and troubleshoot the implementation of complex enterprise routes and switching solutions. Now, that being said, one is expected to have a superficial understanding of IPv4 and IPv6 based networks and the basic understanding of network subnetting and IP routing after attending the course.

As of now, there is no specific degree required to earn the CCNA certification. However, a degree in Computer Science and Information Technology is always appreciated in the market under IT domain. Though graduation is preferred.

Perhaps, Cisco related skills are among the most demanded specializations in the IT market.

Progress Chart for networking aspirants after CCNA course.

Progress Chart for networking aspirants after CCNA course.

ccna-interview-questions-guide

JOB HIGHLIGHTS

CCNA professionals being in market demand in the networking domain; these professionals are placed with decent designations, handsome perks, and remuneration and recruited in high rated technical giants.

Following are the flowcharts and tables to provide an overview:

Popular year experience ranges Data profile
Less than 1 year 38,361
1-4 years 180,741
5-9 years 110,958
10-19 years 65,322
20 years or more 12,553

Most popular companies:

COMPANIES Approx. [EXPECTED SALARY[In Rs]
HCL Technologies Ltd 180,000-730,000
Tata Consultancy Services Ltd. 220,000-740,000
Cisco Systems Inc. 345,000-13,20,000
Wipro Technologies Ltd. 144,000-663,000
Ericsson Inc. 200,000-700,000

Also, Cisco, Juniper, IBM, Wipro and Infosys Ltd. are among the high rated technical and networking giants.

Popular Degrees that people precisely opt and proceed with the CCNA Certification with the following salaries:

Degree Expected Salary approx. [In Rs]
BE. 1,50,000 – 7,00,000
B. Tech. 1,40,000 – 7,00,000
BS/BSc. 1,80,000 – 2,90,000
Bachelor’s degree 1,40,000 – 7,00,000
MCA 1,30,000 – 7,00,000


Cisco Certified Network Associate is
a course with a brand in itself. High esteemed colleges provide various scholarship programs for students willing to take admission for the higher level studies. It provides opportunities wherein personnel are recognized as an expert. Also, numerous doors are opened for the CCNA holders with a lot of opportunities in CCNA security, CCNA Voice, CCNA Wireless and other professional CISCO certification.

Designations:

  1. Network Engineer
  2. Network Administrator
  3. Network Engineer
  4. IT Manager
  5. Software Manager
  6. Technical Support Engineer
  7. Systems Engineer [computer engineer]

SYLLABUS

People with a graduation degree in IT field or any other technical field have a better edge towards this certification. One can prepare for the same with their respective job capacities. It doesn’t necessarily take continuous hours of rigorous preparation to pass. However, with discipline, you need to set aside your everyday routine for going through the course material and update yourself with the latest in networking technology. There are a variety of books that you can refer to. Online books and other electronic options also make the learning easier.

Following is the syllabus which can be referred for the examination.

Session Topic Contents
1 CCNA INTRODUCTION
  • ROLE OF CCNA
  • JOBS
  • NETWORK VS INTERNETWORK
  • DETAILS OF ALL CISCO TRACKS
2 NETWORKING BASICS
  • NETWORKING /INTERNETWORKING
  • TOPOLOGIES: BUS,STAR,RING,MESH
  • PHYSICAL VS LOGICAL
  • CABLES AND CONNECTORS & DEVICES:
  • REPEATERS, HUBS, BRIDGES, SWITCHES, ROUTERS
3 ETHERNET LAN
  • ETHERNET STANDARDS
  • LAN SWITCHING
  • COLLISION DOMAINS
  • DUPLEX: HALF /FULL
  • CSMA/CD
  • CABLING: STRAIGHT /CROSSOVER
  • ADVANTAGES OF SWITCH
  • MAC ADDRESS
  • BRIDGE VS SWITCH
4 O S I – 7 LAYERS MODEL
  • ADVANTAGES OF USING OSI MODEL
  • FUNCTION OF EACH LAYER
  • PRACTICAL – CAPTURING PACKETS USING
  • ETHERCHANNEL
TEST 1 (TOPICS 1-4)
5 IP ADDRESSING
  • NUMBERING SYSTEMS AND CONVERSIONS
  • CLASSES OF IP ADDRESS
  • SUBNETTING
  • FLSM VS VLSM
TEST 2 (TOPICS 5)
6 CISCO IOS
  • BOOTING PROCESS OF ROUTER
  • BASIC COMMANDS
  • BASIC COMMANDS PRACTICALS
  • ADVANCED COMMANDS
  • ADVANCED COMMANDS PRACTICALS
  • BACKUP OF IOS/STARTUP-CONFIGURATION
  • USING TFTP SERVER
  • BACKUP OF IOS / STARTUP-CONFIGURATION
  • PRACTICALS
  • PASSWORD RECOVERY ON ROUTER
  • PRACTICALS
TEST 3 (TOPICS 6-7)
7 LAYER 2 SWITCHING
  • FUNCTIONS OF SWITCH: FORWARDING / FILTERING, LOOP AVOIDANCE, CREATING MAC-ADD-TABLE
  • BASIC SPANNING-TREE-PROTOCOL (STP) / RAPID STP
  • CREATION OF VLANS ON SWITCHES – PRACTICALS
  • ASSIGNING PORTS TO VLANS – PRACTICALS
  • CONFIGURING TRUNKING ON SW – SW PORTS
  • INTRA-VLAN ROUTING
  • INTER-VLAN ROUTING
  • VLAN TRUNKING PROTOCOL (VTP)
TEST 4 (TOPIC 8) Practical Test as per the CCNA Exam requirement
8 WAN TECHNOLOGIES
  • HIGH LEVEL DATA LINK CONTROLLER (HDLC)
  • POINT-TO-POINT PROTOCOL (PPP)
  • PRACTICALS OF PPP AND HDLC

OVERVIEW:

  • FRAME-RELAY
  • METRO ETHERNET
  • MPLS
  • VPN
  • ISDN
  • VSAT
9 ROUTING FUNDAMENTALS
  • STATIC VS DYNAMIC ROUTING
  • STATIC ROUTING PRACTICALS
  • ROUTING PROTOCOL CATEGORIES: DISTANCE VECTOR /LINK STATE
  • RIP VER 2: CONFIGURATION, SPLIT HORIZON, POISON REVERSE
  • RIP VER 2 PRACTICALS
  • EIGRP : CONFIGURATION, NO AUTOSUMMARY, NETWORK COMMAND
  • EIGRP PRACTICALS
  • OSPF: ADVANTAGES, OSPF NEIGHBOR RELATIONS, DR/BDR ELECTION, MULTIPLE AREA VS SINGLE AREA DESIGN, NEIGHBOR TROUBLESHOOTING.
  • OSPF PRACTICALS
TEST 5 (TOPICS 9-10) Practical Test as per the CCNA Exam requirement
10 ACCESS CONTROL LIST (A.C.L)
  • STANDARD ACL
  • EXTENDED ACL
  • NAMED ACL
  • PRACTICALS OF ACL
  • MANAGEMENT ACL
Practical Test as per the CCNA Exam requirement
11 NETWORK ADDRESS TRANSLATION (NAT)
  • STATIC NAT
  • DYNAMIC NAT
  • PORT ADDRESS TRANSLATION (PAT)
  • PRACTICALS OF NAT
Practical Test as per the CCNA Exam requirement
12 IP VERSION 6 (IPV6)
  • DESCRIBE IPV6 ADDRESSES
  • DESCRIBE IPV6 TRANSITION TECHNOLOGY
  • PRACTICALS OF IPV6 ADDRESSES AND ROUTING
13 BANDWIDTH OPTIMIZATIONS
  • OVERVIEW: NEW TOPICS
  • ETHERCHANNEL
14 BANDWIDTH OPTIMIZATIONS
  • OVERVIEW: NEW TOPICS
  • PORT SECURITY
15 FIRST HOP REDUNDANCY PROTOCOL
  • OVERVIEW: NEW TOPICS
  • HSRP / VRRP / GLBP
16 WIRELESS NETWORK
17 NETWORK MANAGEMENT
  • OVERVIEW: NEW TOPICS
  • DESCRIBE SYSLOG
  • DESCRIBE NETFLOW MONITORING
  • DESCRIBE SNMP
18 TROUBLE SHOOTING
  • OVERVIEW: NEW TOPICS
  • LAN / WAN TROUBLE SHOOTING
  • ROUTING PROTOCOL TROUBLE SHOOTING
TEST 6 (TOPIC 11-19) Final LAB Project / MOCK Interview
CCNA PRACTICAL LABS ON CISCO ISR G1 AND G2 ROUTER AND L3 3560 SWITCHES

If one is left with just 60 days for the examination, here are some tips which can be followed to do CCNA in 60 days.

  1. Comprehensive studies

The CCNA exam offered by CISCO includes a variety of topics based on TCP/IP studies to the most comprehensive routing protocols with spanning trees. With so much to study, the exams may look tough to crack. However, it is understood that one should mainly focus on ICDN which serves the base for all types of CISCO CCNA exams. This requires candidates to go through the length and breadth of the topics.

  1. Practical Knowledge:

Rote learning may not always help to have a notch in examinations. Sound practical knowledge is therefore essential to crack this certification course. This will help candidates to experience the real world troubleshooting and networking issues.

  1. Be Smart:

There would be total of 50-60 questions that need to be solved in 90 minutes. Manage your time and solve them all! Practise regularly and in excel formats.

  1. Be Mentally Prepared:

Live with 1 target to crack the examination hook or by crook. Let your social background stay distant from you for this particular preparation span.

  1. Proper study material:
  • ICND1 and ICND2 are strongly recommended with their latest editions.
  • ’31 days before CCNA’ is also strongly recommended for the CCNA examination as IOS command and concepts are given in a simplified and detailed manner hence, considering it as the ‘bible of CCNA’ .
  • Also, it is advisable to register as a member of Cisco Certification Forum for all recent updates, discussions, topics etc.
  • Get guidance from Cisco Certified Trainers.

Books for CCNA exam Preparation: Click Here

  1. Practice Tests:

“Practice makes man perfect“. Practice as much as you can, give test online, do configurations, learn topologies etc. This will not only help you to have clear concepts but also increases the chances to pass the examination.

  1. The time of 11th hour

This means a day before the exam just revise. Don’t touch the new topic, revise the important concepts. This will help you gain confidence which will allow you to avoid careless mistakes.

Hence, CCNA certified person can diversify oneself to international corridors. Intense studies rigorous efforts are the keys to success all it needs is dedication and determination. Moreover, this will help you lead your life from a fresher to professional, from professional to expert and from an expert to the architect; and CCNA is no exception for this notion.

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